Scientific Bibliography


The theory of holographic noise is due to Craig Hogan.

For an accessible review of the motivation for and features of the holographic principle, see

For an overview of commutators, consult

The derivation for holographic noise involves the Moyal bracket, which comes from the Weyl–Wigner formalism of quantum mechanics. This formalism tells us how to do quantum mechanics in phase space, analogous to how Hamilton’s formalism tells us how to do classical mechanics in phase space.

For a refresher on classical mechanics in phase space, see

  • J. Taylor. Classical Mechanics, particularly chapter 13. (Substitute with your favorite advanced mechanics textbook.)

For a review article on the Weyl–Wigner formalism, see

For a discussion of Moyal products and noncommutative geometry, see


A conceptual design for the experiment was written by Rai Weiss on Feb 10, 2009.

The grand plan for the Holometer is laid out in the proposal document:

The Holometer is very closely based on interferometric gravitational wave detectors like LIGO or GEO600.

These are two comprehensive pedagogical resources for learning about LIGO:

  • Caltech’s gravitational waves course, which comprises nineteen weeks’ worth (!) of lecture videos, slides, journal aticles, and problem sets.
  • Peter Saulson's book, Fundamentals of Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors. Available through the publisher.

General resources


These books are good all-in-one resources for a discussion of lasers and optical systems in general.

Gaussian optics

Power-recycled Michelson interferometers

Cavity locking

Control theory and feedback

Signal processing

Last modified: 08/01/2013 |